Pan
chimpanzee-glock.gif
Simpanse sangat familiar dengan kita manusia, mungkin karena begitu banyak perilakunya mengingatkan pada kita sendiri. Mereka dipandang sebagai kera besar, seperti halnya gorilla, orangutan dan bonobo. Model berjalan mereka - berjalan bertopang pada kaki saja dan jari tangan.
Simpnse adalah salah satu hewan kerabat terdekat manusia.
Simpanse mampu memakai batu dan tatakan untuk memcahkan biji kenari, selain itu
simpanse juga mampu membuat vokalisasi dan suara yang tidak tipikal spesies, namun hanya pada pengaruh pelatihan ketat manusia.
Bibliography
: Emory University (2007, March 26). Chimpanzee Facial Expressions Are Helping Researchers Understand Human Communication. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 5, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2007/03/070324125108.htm Max Planck Society (2006, January 25). Humans Have A Strong Desire To Help Each Other, But Is Spite Also Part Of The Human Condition?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 5, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2006/01/060125082712.htm Citation: Romano CM, de Melo FL, Corsini MAB, Holmes EC, Zanotto PM (2007) Demographic Histories of ERV-K in Humans, Chimpanzees and Rhesus Monkeys. PLoS ONE 2(10): e1026. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001026 Wistar Institute (2002, March 6). Chimpanzee Virus May Be Key To Better Vaccines, Study Shows. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 5, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2002/03/020306072948.htm Cell Press (2006, August 26). Use Of Stone Hammers Sheds Light On Geographic Patterns Of Chimpanzee Tool Use. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 5, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2006/08/060825103810.htm Columbia University (1998, January 7). Similarities Found In Human, Chimp Brains. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 5, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/1998/01/980107104521.htm American Association For The Advancement Of Science (1999, November 8). Chimpanzee Subspecies Are Genetically Mixed And More Diverse Than Humans. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 5, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/1999/11/991108090738.htm Liu et al. Molecular Ecology and Natural History of Simian Foamy Virus Infection in Wild-Living Chimpanzees. PLoS Pathogens, 2008; 4 (7): e1000097 DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000097 Somel M, Creely H, Franz H, Mueller U, Lachmann M, et al (2008) Human and Chimpanzee Gene Expression Differences Replicated in Mice Fed Different Diets. PLoS One 3(1): e1504. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001504 http://www.plosone.org/doi/pone.0001504 : full source reference

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