Tetractinomorpha
astylospongia.gif
Secara tradisional, perbedaan antara Tetractinomorpha dan Ceractinomorpha berdasarkan strategi reproduksi ovipar versus vivipar"." Boury-Esnalt & Solé-Cava (2004) (see, e.g., Schmitt, 2002).
Pohon evolusi Tetractinomorpha terdiri atas empat dahan
Astrophorida
Hadromerida
'Lithistida'
Spirophorida

Bacaan lanjut
Lavrov, D. V., X. Wang, and M. Kelly. 2008. Reconstructing ordinal relationships in the Demospongiae using mitochondrial genomic data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49(1):111-124.

Nichols, S. A. 2004. An evaluation of support for order-level monophyly and interrelationships within the class Demospongiae using partial data from the large subunit rDNA and cytochrome oxidase subunit. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34(1):81-96.

Reid, R. E. H. 2003. Demosponge phylogeny. Pages 113-125 in: R. L. Kaesler, ed., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part E. (revised): Porifera. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas, Boulder and Lawrence.

Sumber gambar
http://tolweb.org/Demospongiae/20439

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License