Tetrapoda
Overview1.jpg
Tetrapoda, hewan berkaki empat. Berevolusi dari ikan dengan fosil transisi yang sangat lengkap dari Tiktalik. http://faktaevolusi.blogspot.com/2008/10/detail-transisi-evolusioner-dari-ikan.html
Tetrapoda terbagi menjadi dua cabang
Reptiliomorpha
Amphibia

Referensi:
Ahlberg, PE, E Lukševics & E Mark-Kurik (2000), A near-tetrapod from the Baltic Middle Devonian. Palaeontology 43: 533-548.

Andrews, SM & TS Westoll (1970), The postcranial skeleton of Eusthenopteron foordi Whiteaves. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin. 68: 207–329.

Beaumont, EH (1977), Cranial morphology of the Loxommatidae (Amphibia: Labyrinthodontia). Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 280: 29-101.
Berman, DS (2000), Origin and early evolution of the amniote occiput. J. Paleontol. 74: 938-956.
Berner, RA, DJ Beerling, R Dudley, JM Robinson & RAWildman, Jr (2003), Phanerozoic atmospheric oxygen. Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 31: 105–34.
Carroll, RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp.
Clack, JA (1994), Earliest known tetrapod braincase and the evolution of the stapes and fenestra ovalis. Nature 369: 392-394.
Clack, JA (1998a), The neurocranium of Acanthostega gunnari Jarvik and the evolution of the otic region in tetrapods. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 61-97.
Clack, JA (2002a), The dermal skull roof of Acanthostega gunnari, an early tetrapod from the Late Devonian. Trans. R. Soc. Edin., Earth Sci. 93: 17-33.
Clement, G, PE Ahlberg, A Blieck, H Blom, JA Clack, E Poty, J Thorez, & P Janvier (2004), Devonian tetrapod from western Europe. Nature 427: 412-413.
Coates, MI, JE Jeffery & M Ruta (2002), Fins to limbs: what the fossils say. Evol. & Devel. 4: 390-401.
Daeschler, EB, NH Shubin, KS Thomson & WW Amaral (1994), A Devonian tetrapod from North America. Science 265: 639-642.
Janvier, P (1996), Early Vertebrates, Oxford, 393 pp.
Milner, AC & W Lindsay (1998), Postcranial remains of Baphetes and their bearing on the relationships of the Baphetidae (=Loxommatidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 211-235.
Shubin, NH, EB Daeschler, & MI Coates (2004), The early evolution of the tetrapod humerus. Science 304: 90-93

Sumber gambar : http://www.palaeos.com/Vertebrates/Units/150Tetrapoda/150.100.html

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License